First Day Home With Your Puppy

First Day Home With Your Puppy

Bringing home a new puppy is an exciting and memorable experience, but it also comes with its challenges, especially during the first day. To ensure a smooth transition for both you and your puppy, it’s key to be prepared and equipped with the knowledge and resources needed to make your puppy’s first day home a success.

Table of content :

  • Puppy First Impression.
  • Two Basic Different Types Of Puppy Temperament
  • Let Your Puppy Explore a Little
  • Do Structured Play to Make Them Tired
  • Provide Guidance From The Beginning
  • Crate Training / Confinement
  • Introduce Your Puppy to Their Kennel/Crate
  • Provide Guidance From The Beginning
  • Basic puppy supplies for puppy’s first night home
  • Puppy Potty Training – Frequent Potty Breaks
  • FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Puppy First Impression.

The initial experience when your puppy enters your home can truly set the stage for a long-term harmonious relationship and experience. It can also save you A LOT of time and headaches.

Setting up a safe, confined area in your house where they can explore is a good way to welcome your puppy. Depending on your puppy, that first impression should be guided in different ways.

Two Basic Different Types Of Puppy Temperament.

 There are two basic types of temperament your puppy is broadly going to fall into. This can change as they grow and it can also change depending on what your puppy is doing at the time or the environment:

1.The high-energy, unruly, overexcited puppy,

2. The shy, unsure, fearful puppy.

Of course, this is a spectrum, and your puppy can be in between or switch from one state to the other.

1. The high-energy, unruly, overexcited puppy.

 If your puppy falls towards the high-energy, unruly, overexcited little devil, you will need to engage with structured play and boundaries to start calming him/her down right away. This will not only tire your puppy out, but it will also provide a lot of clarity on where structure and boundaries come from. Once they have a clear understanding of this, they tend to settle and calm down almost immediately. Understand that the lack of boundaries and structure brings a lot of stress and restlessness to puppies. Any social animal, including humans, that walks into an environment where there are no boundaries or rules immediately goes into fight/flight mode and restless behavior.

2. The shy, unsure, fearful puppy.

If your puppy falls towards the shy, unsure, fearful puppy, you will need to engage more with excitement and building self-confidence. Getting your puppy out of the shell will be the first priority. You’ll be able to put structure and boundaries in place later. If your puppy switches from one temperament to another, no big deal, you switch accordingly. This is very common.

Let Your Puppy Explore a Little

Allowing your puppy to explore their new surroundings is important for their development and adjustment. Supervise your puppy closely as they roam around the house, and remove any potential hazards or dangerous items. Encourage positive behaviors and gently redirect them if they start to get into mischief.

Do Structured Play to Make Them Tired

With energetic puppies, structured play is a must in order to help them burn off excess energy and prevent destructive behaviors. Engage in activities where you make your puppy play and stop, such as tug-of-war, or interactive games that promote mental control and some physical exercise. Be mindful of your puppy’s energy levels and take breaks as needed to prevent overexcitement or overstimulation. Know that when playing, it’s the stopping that makes them tired, not the constant play. Constant play will make them crazy. If you want to see videos and examples of how to do this, you are welcome to join our online membership: Pawmos – The Art Of Raising a Dog.

Provide Guidance From The Beginning

From the moment you bring your puppy home, it’s essential to establish yourself as a calm and confident parent. Remember that you are removing the puppy from their mother, who is the source of structure and boundaries. You need to fill in that gap, so set clear boundaries and rules for your puppy to follow, and be consistent with them. Use behavior training techniques and start learning how your body language affects your puppy. Do not rely on treats or external stimuli to learn how to communicate with your puppy. Learn more about the difference between Behavior Training and Obedience Training here: What is The Difference Between Obedience Training and Behavior Training? 

Use treats to teach them cues/commands and to reinforce behaviors that you want them to repeat, such as “come”, their name, or going to the bathroom where you want them to go.

Crate Training / Confinement

Crate training is an essential aspect of puppy training, providing your puppy with a safe and comfortable space to rest and relax. After you’ve tired your puppy out with structured play, you can introduce your puppy to their crate. Place soft bedding and a few toys inside. Use treats and encourage your puppy to enter the crate voluntarily and calmly. Do NOT throw a party if your puppy goes in the crate, since the crate should be associated with calmness, not with play. Learn more about crate training here: 6 Essential Tips For Crate Training

Introduce Your Puppy to Their Kennel/Crate

Introducing your puppy to their kennel or crate should be done gradually and calmly. Start by leaving the crate door open and allowing your puppy to explore it at their own pace.

Place some oily/smelly treat crumbs at the end of the crate and rub it against their bed before your puppy is in the room, and close the crate door.

Provide structure, play, and boundaries to make your puppy tired. Once they’re tired and calm, open the crate door, and they’ll probably go in on their own. If not, just toss a small treat in the crate to make it happen and let the magic of the smelly treat crumbs do the rest.

While they are calmly engaging with the treat crumbs inside the crate, close the door. Then wait until your puppy settles a little bit and slowly leave the room. At this point, your puppy would be tired enough to go for a nap.

As your puppy becomes more comfortable, gradually increase the amount of time they spend inside the crate with the door closed. For a free video example of how to introduce the crate to your puppy the first day click here.: Free Video: Puppy crate introduction

Basic Puppy Supplies for Puppy’s First Night Home

Before bringing your puppy home, make sure you have all the necessary supplies to ensure their comfort and well-being. Some essential items include a crate or kennel, bedding, food and water bowls, puppy food, collar and leash, toys, grooming supplies, and a pet first aid kit. Having these items on hand will help make your puppy’s first night home a smooth and enjoyable experience for both of you.

Puppy Potty Training – Frequent Potty Breaks

One of the first things you’ll need to tackle when bringing home a new puppy is potty training. Puppies have small bladders and may need to go potty frequently, especially during their first day in a new environment. Be prepared to take your puppy outside for potty breaks every hour or so, and be patient as they learn to associate the outdoors with bathroom time. For more tips in how to Pottu train your puppy check this article: Potty Training Mastery: No More Accidents!

In conclusion, welcoming a new puppy into your home is a joyful and rewarding experience, but it also requires patience, dedication, and preparation. By following the tips outlined in this guide and providing your puppy with love, guidance, and structure from the beginning, you can set the stage for a happy and healthy life together.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  • How often should I take my puppy outside for potty breaks on the first day home?
    It’s importnat to take your puppy outside for potty breaks frequently, ideally every hour or so, to prevent accidents indoors and reinforce good bathroom habits.

  • Should I leave my puppy alone in their crate during the first day home?
    While crate training is important, it’s best to avoid leaving your puppy alone in their crate for extended periods during the first day. Gradually introduce them to the crate and supervise their interactions with it to ensure they feel comfortable and secure. Having said that if your puppy is sleeping in the crate, do not wake them up! Let them sleep as needed.

  • What should I do if my puppy cries or whines in their crate?
    If your puppy cries or whines in their crate, try to determine the cause of their distress. They may need to go potty, be hungry, or simply need reassurance. To prevent or to address separation anxiety read more about it here:
    Why dogs have Separation Anxiety? Can I fix it? 

  • How can I prevent my puppy from chewing on furniture and other household items?
    Providing your puppy with appropriate chew toys and supervising their playtime can help redirect their chewing behavior. Additionally, puppy-proofing your home by removing any potentially harmful or valuable items can minimize the risk of destructive chewing. For more on this issue check this blog:
    Why Is My Puppy Chewing Furniture? Here is How to Prevent It.

  • What should I do if my puppy seems overwhelmed or anxious on their first day home?
    It’s normal for puppies to feel anxious in a new environment. Provide your puppy with calmness, reassurance, and love to help them feel safe and secure. Avoid getting anxious yourself. Do not overwhelm them with too many new experiences or interactions and allow them to adjust at their own pace. Keep it simple!

         © Gabriel Riesco, Pawmos Dog Training LLC |   All Rights Reserved March 2024

First Night With Your Puppy

First Night With Your Puppy

Bringing home an 8-week-old puppy is an exciting milestone in any dog owner’s life. However, it’s important to prepare for the first night home to make a smooth transition for both you and your new puppy. From where your puppy should sleep to handling nighttime crying, here’s everything you need to know to make your puppy’s first night home a success.

Table of content:

  • 8-week-old puppy’s first night home
  • Where should my puppy sleep?
  • Should you let your puppy sleep in your bed the first night?
  • Start puppy crate training the first night home
  • Does an 8-week-old pup require a midnight potty break?
  •  Why do puppies cry at night?
  • How much do puppies sleep?
  • How much should I feed my puppy?
  • How Long Will A Puppy Cry At Night?
  • How To Avoid Your New Puppy is Crying at Night in Their Crate
  • FAQ’S

8-week-old puppy’s first night home

The first night home can be overwhelming for a puppy who has just been separated from their littermates and familiar surroundings. It’s crucial to create a calm and comfortable environment to help them feel secure in their new home.

Where should my puppy sleep?

Deciding where your puppy should sleep on their first night home is a common dilemma for new dog parents. While some may opt to have their puppy sleep in a crate, others prefer to have them sleep in a different room, in their own room or even in their own bed.

Should you let your puppy sleep in your bed the first night?

While it may be tempting to let your new puppy sleep in your bed on their first night home, it’s generally not recommended. Establishing boundaries early on is essential for preventing behavioral issues down the line like separation anxiety, waking you up in middle of the night or even resource guarding issues in some cases.

It’s recommended to set up a confined small area with a bed or a crate where your puppy will sleep for the next several weeks.

Start puppy crate training the first night home

Introducing your puppy to their crate on the first night home can help establish a safe and comfortable space for them to sleep. Make the crate inviting by placing soft bedding and familiar toys inside. I like to make crumbs out of smelly treats and place them at the end of the crate so they spend time in the crate sniffing and finding the crumbs.

If your puppy is already comfortable with the crate, great! Use it through the night and keep using it for several weeks.

If not here’s a guide of how to crate train your puppy starting from the first day. While you work on that, here’s what I’d do the first night if your puppy is not used to the crate. Put the crate right next to your bed and a little high up so your puppy can still see you. You can also put your hand close to the crate if that comforts your puppy. There might be a little bit of whining at the beginning, but most often than not it will be mild and it will resume fast since your puppy is tired. Soon your puppy will fall asleep. Eventually and gradually you can start moving the crate away from your bed or even to different room if that’s what you want.


Does an 8-week-old pup require a midnight potty break?

Yes, puppies have small bladders and may need to relieve themselves during the night, especially at 8 weeks old. It’s very likely that you’ll need to take your puppy outside for a potty break before bedtime and be prepared to let them out during the night if needed. When that happens make everything very low key and don’t engage or give attention to your puppy. Have the leash ready, pick your puppy up and take him or her to the “toilet area”. Once they are done I, pick your puppy up and bring them calmly to the crate. This is the only time I would not reinforce with a treat for going to the bathroom. For more information about potty training read this article: Potty Training Mastery: No More Accidents!

Why do puppies cry at night?

Puppies may cry at night for various reasons, including feeling anxious in a new environment, needing to go potty, or seeking comfort and attention. Understanding why your puppy is crying can help you address their needs effectively. Knowing the difference is usually more of an intuitive guess, but by trial and error you’ll be able to know.

How Long Will A Puppy Cry At Night?

The duration of nighttime crying can vary from puppy to puppy. With patience and consistency, most puppies will eventually adjust to their new routine and stop crying at night pretty fast.

I’m not a big fun of letting them “cry it out” for hours until they settle, that’s why I start with the crate near the bed and slowly work the way out from there.

The method of “letting them cry it out” doesn’t consistently succeed. Certain puppies that get really out of control and distressed will not calm down, even if you do it for weeks. Puppies that pass what I called the Red Zone threshold can bark 7 hours straight, 7 days a week. This is because they don’t have self regulation skills yet. A smoother approach where they learn how to self sooth themselves is generally a faster and easier approach in my opinion.

How To Avoid Your New Puppy Crying at Night in Their Crate.

To avoid your new puppy from crying at night in their crate, consider implementing these tips: gradually introduce them to the crate, make it a positive and calm experience, provide comfort and reassurance, and address any underlying issues that may be causing distress. I will also highly encpurage you to read this post: How Can I Discourage and Stop My Puppy From Barking Excessively

How much do puppies sleep?

Puppies sleep a lot, typically around 18 to 20 hours a day. However, their sleep patterns may be disrupted during their first night home as they adjust to their new surroundings.

How was your puppy’s first night?

Every puppy’s first night home is unique, and some may adjust more easily than others. Pay attention to your puppy’s behavior and provide comfort and reassurance as needed.

In summary the first night home with a new puppy can be challenging but also rewarding. By preparing ahead of time and understanding your puppy’s needs, you can help ensure a smooth transition and set the foundation for a strong bond between you and your new puppy.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  • How do I know if my puppy is ready to sleep through the night?
    It’s essential to monitor your puppy’s behavior and gradually increase their sleeping duration. Consult with your veterinarian if you have concerns about your puppy’s sleep patterns.

  • Should I ignore my puppy’s cries at night?
    While it’s essential to address your puppy’s needs, it’s also essential to teach them to self-soothe and become independent. Providing comfort and reassurance without reinforcing unwanted behavior is key.

  • Can I use a nightlight for my puppy?
    Yes, a nightlight can provide comfort and security for your puppy, especially during their first few nights home.

  • How can I help my puppy adjust to their crate?
    Gradually introduce your puppy to their crate using calm and positive reinforcement. Make the crate a comfortable and inviting space for them to sleep and relax. For more on this issue read this article:
    6 Essential Tips For Crate Training.

  • When should I consult a professional trainer for help with my puppy’s nighttime behavior?
    If your puppy’s nighttime crying persists despite your efforts to address their needs, or if you’re concerned about their well-being, it’s essential to seek guidance from a professional dog trainer or behaviorist.

© Gabriel Riesco, Pawmos Dog Training LLC |   All Rights Reserved March 2024

Potty Training Mastery: No More Accidents!

Potty Training Mastery: No More Accidents!

Potty training your puppy is not just a task; it’s a commitment that can last several weeks or months depending on your puppy. While the process may seem straightforward, its success relies on your dedication to understand and follow follow these two  things: 1.The Two stages of Puppy training  2.The Three Pillars of Puppy Training . Let’s dive into the two stage process and the nuances of each fundamental pillar, ensuring that you and your pup build a strong foundation for a clean and happy home.

1.The Two Stages of Potty Training Mastery

Stage one: Puppies can’t hold the bladder too long

– Frequent Outdoor Trips

During the initial stage, when puppies are still learning to control their bladders, take them outside frequently, especially after meals, naps, extended confinements, trips, or play sessions. By staying observant, you can predict their elimination needs.

– Creating a Safe Space

Prevent mistakes by confining your pup to a specific area in the house using baby gates or a crate with engaging toys. Puppies are less likely to eliminate in spaces where they spend a significant amount of time. Most puppies don not eliminate where they sleep. Have in mind that puppies need to sleep 15 – 18 hours a day.

– Consistent Schedule

Follow a consistent feeding schedule (usually three times a day) and take your puppy outside regularly. If they don’t eliminate, bring them back to the crate and try again later, maintaining persistence until success.

– Positive Reinforcement

Refrain from reacting if your puppy makes a mistake initially. Instead, use positive reinforcement when they eliminate in the right spot, creating a positive association with the designated area.

– Avoid Punishment

Avoid punishment or yelling, as this may lead to negative associations and hiding behavior. Stay calm, patient, and focus on teaching rather than punishing.

– Establish a Cue

Use a cue like “go pee” or “go potty” consistently, associating it with the desired behavior. Reward with praise or treats to reinforce the cue.

Stage Two: Teaching your puppy to hold the bladder

– Crate Training

To teach your puppy to hold it, utilize a crate or a confined area where they won’t eliminate. Puppies generally avoid going to the bathroom where they sleep, eat, or spend a significant amount of time. You can start teaching your puppy to hold the bladder by extending crate time 

– Positive and Calm Crate Association

Associate the crate with relaxation, comfort, and security by using it as the designated sleeping area during the day. However, avoid crating for more than three hours at a time unless your puppy keeps sleeping. Do not wake him or her up if they are sleeping. 

– Alternative Confinement

If you don’t have a crate, a puppy-proofed kitchen with baby gates can serve as an alternative confined area. Establish a schedule for outdoor bathroom breaks during specific time windows.

In the second stage, focus on gradually extending the time between bathroom breaks, reinforcing the idea of holding it for longer periods.

2. The Three Pillars of Successful Potty Training 

1. Timing: A Crucial Element

The cornerstone of effective housetraining lies in your ability to anticipate when your puppy needs to eliminate. By understanding your pup’s schedule, you can guide them to an appropriate toilet area and reward them for their good behavior. This pivotal understanding forms the backbone of a successful training schedule.

2. Supervision: A Watchful Eye

When it comes to supervision is very simple. Your puppy puppy needs to be in one of these 3 places:

  1. In a crate or confined area, 
  2. Outdoors where they can release.
  3. Under supervision indoors   

In any case observation is key. If you start teaching your puppy that the bathroom is only outside or only in a designated area In just a matter of weeks, your little furry ball will grasp the art of bladder control and settle into a predictable routine. The vigilant eye you keep during this phase sets the stage for success.

3. Scheduling.

Set up a simple schedule following the above 3 places where you puppy should be: 1 crate, outdoors, free supervised time. Organizing your puppies time will reduce your stress and will also reduce accidents to ZERO! If you want to get a free sample schedule from a professional breeder click here: Sample Professional Potty Training Schedule 

By understanding and implementing these strategies, you’re not just potty training your puppy; you’re building a lifelong foundation of good behavior and a structured schedule. Stay patient, consistent, and positive, and you’ll find yourself celebrating your puppy’s successful transition to a well-trained family member.

© Gabriel Riesco, Pawmos Dog Training LLC |   All Rights Reserved January 2024

Is Your Puppy Training Plan Missing These 4 Key Elements?

Is Your Puppy Training Plan Missing These 4 Key Elements?

When it comes to raising a well-behaved and happy puppy, understanding the nuances between training and behavior is paramount. Mastering the application of these two concepts can be the key to fostering a harmonious relationship with your pup. In this article, we’ll dive into the four essential elements that could be missing from your puppy training plan.

1. Differentiating Training and Behavior: The Foundation of Success

Before diving into the specifics, let’s revisit the core principle of distinguishing between training and behavior. Knowing when and how to employ these approaches forms the foundation of effective puppy parenting. 


Giving structure and setting clear boundaries provide calmness and self-control to your dog. It also builds up trust. Provides clarity on what’s acceptable behavior and what isn’t. Boundaries has nothing to do with punishment, dominance or being the alpha. It has to do with clear guidance. Boundaries is not about punishing for bad behavior is about not letting unwanted behavior to happen. 


Working on obedience with positive reinforcement and games provides excitement and fun. It builds performance and it teaches commands or cues like: come, sit, stay, go to your place, drop it etc

Both are important, and you should always aim to have a good balance of both.

The first one, structure and clear boundaries, it’s what takes care of most behavioral issues. The second one obedience and training, teaches dogs commands, cues, and tricks.

2. Socialization: Building Strong Foundations

  • a. Socializing with People: Exposing your puppy to various individuals in different settings is crucial. Encourage interactions with men, women, and children to help them become comfortable and well-adjusted in diverse environments.
  • b. Socializing with Other Dogs: Puppies, having been separated from their littermates, naturally thrive on playtime with fellow canines. This interaction not only provides exercise but also imparts essential social skills, boundaries, and bite inhibition. It replicates the lessons learned in the canine community and contributes to a well-rounded, socially adept puppy.

Moreover, your role as the new parent involves providing structure and guidance, mimicking the role of the mother and adult dogs. Boundaries, structure, and playtime are integral aspects of effective puppy parenting.

3. Teaching Independence: Preventing Separation Anxiety

Dogs, inherently social beings, may struggle with solitude. To avert potential separation anxiety issues, it is imperative to teach your puppy to be comfortable when left alone. Failure to do so could result in incessant barking, whining, destructive behavior, and even inappropriate elimination. As a responsible dog owner, perfecting the art of leaving your puppy alone is crucial for their well-being.

4. Recall Training: The Key For Freedom!

Imprinting the “Come When Called” cue, also known as Recall Training, is a pivotal aspect of your puppy’s education. Puppyhood provides a unique window of opportunity to instill this command, offering a lifetime of benefits. Similar to how humans grasp languages more efficiently in their formative years, puppies absorb cues like “come when called” more readily during their early stages. Seizing this critical period allows you to establish a strong bond with your puppy and ensures a reliable recall throughout their life.

A well-rounded puppy training plan encompasses differentiating between training and behavior, socialization, teaching independence, and imprinting crucial commands like “come when called.” By integrating these elements into your approach, you set the stage for a fulfilling and positive relationship with your puppy, laying the groundwork for a well-behaved and joyful companion.

© Gabriel Riesco, Pawmos Dog Training LLC |   All Rights Reserved Nov 2023

How Long Does It Take to Potty Train a Dog?

How Long Does It Take to Potty Train a Dog?

Potty training is one of the first priorities when you first get a dog. Just like any other training, it requires patience, consistency, and understanding. While every dog is different and here’s no one-size-fits-all answer there are several aspects that can affect the time.

Here are some of them:

  • Breed and Age: The breed and age of the dog play a significant role. Puppies have smaller bladders and shorter attention spans, so they may need more frequent potty breaks. Larger breeds might take a little longer to fully grasp the concept.

  • Consistency: Consistency in training methods and schedule is key. Dogs thrive on routine, so sticking to a consistent feeding and potty schedule can speed up the training process.

  • Previous Training: If the dog has had any prior training or exposure to potty training, it might adapt more quickly. Rescue dogs or those transitioning from a different environment may take some extra time.

  • Individual Temperament: Just like humans, dogs have unique personalities. Some dogs are quick learners, while others might take a bit more time to catch on. Being patient and adapting your training approach to your dog’s personality can make a big difference.

  • Owner’s Commitment: How committed you are to the training process matters. Especially at the beginning while you are setting up routines. If you’re dedicated and consistent, your dog is likely to learn faster. On the other hand, inconsistent training can confuse your dog and prolong the process.

  • Positive Reinforcement: Using positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praise, can encourage your dog to associate proper potty behavior with rewards. This can speed up the learning process significantly.

Timeline Expectations:

Potty training can take anywhere from a few weeks to several months. Some dogs can get it in a few days. Here’s a general outline of what you might expect:

  • First Few Weeks: During the initial weeks, focus on establishing a routine. Take your dog out frequently, especially after crate time, meals, naps, and playtime.  Be patient and use positive reinforcement when your dog eliminates outside.

  • First Month: By the end of the first month, many dogs will have a good grasp of the concept, but accidents can still happen. Continue with consistent training and gradually extend the time between potty breaks.

  • Months 2-4: As your dog becomes more familiar with the routine, accidents should become less frequent. However, some dogs might still have occasional slip-ups, especially in new environments.

  • Months 4 and Beyond: By this point, most dogs should be reliably potty trained. Keep in mind that younger puppies might take a bit longer to fully control their bladder.

Tips for Successful Potty Training:

  • Establish a Routine: Set a regular schedule for feeding, playtime, and potty breaks. 

  • Supervision: Keep a close eye on your dog, especially during the initial stages of training, to prevent accidents indoors. Don’t let your puppy wonder freely around the house without constant supervision, this is when they make mistakes.

  • Use Positive Reinforcement: Reward your dog for successful outdoor potty breaks to reinforce good behavior.

  • Be Patient: Stay calm and patient throughout the process. Punishing accidents can hinder progress.

  • Clean Accidents Properly: Use enzymatic cleaners to thoroughly clean any indoor accidents, as regular cleaners might not remove the odor completely.

Potty training is all about having a good schedule. The timeline can be very different depending on your dog. Remember that each dog is unique. Effective housetraining depends entirely on your ability to predict when your puppy needs to eliminate so you can direct him/her to an appropriate toilet area. 

   © Gabriel Riesco, Pawmos Dog Training LLC |   All Rights Reserved August 2023